Author Guidelines

An acceptable manuscript should meet the following general criteria: it reports a contribution to science, a sound methodology was used, and is explained with sufficient detail so that other capable scientists could repeat the experiments. Conclusions are supported by data, the manuscript is concise, well-written, and understandable. The manuscripts are in English.

Manuscript Format

The manuscript should be uploaded to the journal system and must consist of the Title, Authors, Address and Email, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Result and Discussion: Result, Discussion, Conclusion, and References.

The Title

The title of the paper should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulas where possible. It should be written clearly and concisely describing the contents and results of the research.


The manuscript has the main author and co-authors with the full name of the author and co-authors (no abbreviation), includes the affiliations with email, and or only one email for correspondence.


Abstracts are written in English with a maximum of 200 words with the type. Fonts used are Times New Roman size 10 and 1 space and italicized, consisting of Background: describing briefly the introduction of the study. Objective: Briefly describe the purpose of the study. Method: Describe the series of methods used. Results: Brief results of the study. Discussion: Contains a few results and discussions obtained in the research, Conclusions: Conclusion of research. Avoid abbreviations and references in the abstract


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 (six) keywords (phrases), using the English language, avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Take good care with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should be in alphabetical order.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. However, a gap analysis is required in this part of the article. Explain how you addressed the problem and clearly state the aims of your study. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field.


It should mention the time and place of research in the first part. All materials and methods that used such chemicals for analysis, treatment, and experimental design must be stated clearly and briefly. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction, and lays the foundation for further work. A calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results and Discussions
The result should be presented continuously start from the main result to the supporting results and equipped. The unit of measurement used should follow the prevailing international system. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The discussion suggests the relationship or suitability between the research results and the theory as well as the comparison of the research results with the results of other studies that have been published. The discussion also explains the implications of the findings obtained for science and its use.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section. Suggestion placed after the conclusion contains a recommendation on the research done or an input that can be used directly.


A complete reference using the APA style should provide the reader with enough information to locate the article concerned, whether published in print or electronic form, and should, depending on the type of references.

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